Wednesday, January 25, 2012

How to Prevent Tooth Decay

Photo by mattlemon from flickr

Tooth decay is one of the most common diseases worldwide. Cavities are also known as tooth decay or dental caries. Perform the following ways so that the teeth do not decay rapidly.

Dental caries is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization of hard tissues, namely enamel, dentin and cementum, and dental destruction of organic matter. The damage is usually due to acid production by bacteria from the accumulation of food debris on the surface of the tooth.

If the demineralization exceeds remineralization by saliva or other factors such as of calcium, fluoride toothpaste, it will result in dental caries. Groups of bacteria which is responsible for initiating caries, Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus ie.

Tooth decay is caused by certain types of acid-producing bacteria that cause damage from fermented carbohydrates such as sucrose, fructose, and glucose. Mineral content of teeth sensitive to increases in acidity of lactic acid production.

Because it is a variety of foods that contain carbohydrates and sugars can increase the risk of cavities. Depending on the level of tooth decay, various treatments can be used to restore teeth to proper form, function, and aesthetics.

Various types of foods that contain carbohydrates and sugars are difficult to avoid. For a variety of everyday foods usually contain carbohydrates and sugars. The experts recommend preventive measures and prophylaxis, such as regular oral hygiene and dietary modifications to avoid cavities.

American Dental Association menyaranakan way to help protect the teeth to stay healthy as quoted from EverydayHealth, Friday (01/20/2012), among others:

1. Eat a healthy diet and balanced, and nutritious.
2. Drink plenty of water throughout the day.
3. Restrict snacking snacks in between meals, and make sure every low-sugar foods consumed.
4. Take note of the food consumed in a week, and pay attention to the number and frequency of eating sweet foods.
5. Brush your teeth at least twice every day, and flossing (flossing) to clean up leftover food in your teeth every day.
6. Visiting the dentist regularly every six months.